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The loss of New Zealand's active dunes and the spread of

ammophila arenaria an invasive dune grass found in namibia pdf

Ammophila arenaria Marram Grass European beachgrass PFAF. Grasses as invasive alien plants in South Africa Sue J. Milton Introduction This paper provides a brief overview of current knowledge of thedistribution,invasionprocesses,impactsandcontroloptions for alien grasses in southern African ecosystems. Grasses are an important component of the naturalized alien flora in South Africa, but are often overlooked in reviews of the effects of invasive, The coastal dune grasslands of northern California offer an excellent system in which to examine apparent competition between invasive and native species. The exotic grass Ammophila arenaria (European beachgrass) was introduced for dune stabilization in the mid-1800s and has spread along much of the coast (Pickart and Barbour 2007). Densities.

Ammophila arenaria — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2

Use of Ammophila arenaria for Dune SpringerLink. L'oyat (Ammophila arenaria) est vraiment la plante ou graminée des dunes et plages de bords de mer du littoral méditerranéen ou Atlantique. Sa particularité est de résister très fortement au sel marin qui ne la brûle pas. De nombreux noms lui sont do, Abstract. Ammophila arenaria (marram grass) was introduced to South Africa from Europe as a means of stabilizing the Cape Flats in the 1870s, but was only successfully established in the 1890s as it was found that seeds from the first introductions did not readily germinate..

Ammophila arenaria is a species of grass known by the common names European marram grass and European beachgrass. It is one of two species of the genus Ammophila (marram grass). It is native to the coastlines of Europe and North Africa where it grows in the sands of beach dunes. It is a perennial grass forming stiff, hardy clumps of erect stems Invasive plants and their escape from root herbivory: a worldwide comparison of the root-feeding nematode communities of the dune grass Ammophila arenaria in natural and introduced ranges W.H. van der Putten1,*, G.W. Yeates2, H. Duyts1, C. Schreck Reis3 & G. Karssen4

Abstract. Ammophila arenaria (marram grass) was introduced to South Africa from Europe as a means of stabilizing the Cape Flats in the 1870s, but was only successfully established in the 1890s as it was found that seeds from the first introductions did not readily germinate. This study explores the interactions between the pioneer dune grass Ammophila arenaria, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and the root‐feeding nematode Pratylenchus penetrans. • Our objectives were to determine whether AMF can suppress nematode infection and reproduction and to explore the mechanisms of nematode control by AMF.

Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link. AphiaID. 403902 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:403902) Classification marram grassmarram : Norwegian Bokmål: marehalm : Norwegian Nynorsk: marehalm : Scottish Gaelic : muiríneach : Swedish: sandrör : Welsh: môr-hesgenmoresg : To Barcode of Life (24 barcodes) To Biodiversity Heritage Library (725 publications) To Encyclopedia of Life To European Evidence of population differentiation in the dune grass Ammophila arenaria and its associated root-feeding nematodes Article (PDF Available) in Plant and Soil 324(1):307-316 · November 2009 with

It is clear, however, that active dunes have been heavily modified since the arrival of Europeans in New Zealand, primarily as a result of the recent, widespread and very rapid stabilization of active dune systems with marram grass (Ammophila arenaria). Invasive plants and their escape from root herbivory: a worldwide comparison of the root-feeding nematode communities of the dune grass Ammophila arenaria in natural and introduced ranges W.H. van der Putten1,*, G.W. Yeates2, H. Duyts1, C. Schreck Reis3 & G. Karssen4

The present study (1) describes the rates and patterns of Ammophila arenaria (marram grass) invasion in a large transgressive dune system (Mason Bay) and on a prograding foredune-ridge barrier (Doughboy Bay), Stewart Island, New Zealand; (2) examines the impact of Ammophila on dune morphology and indigenous dune biota; and (3) assesses the Introduction History and Invasion Patterns of Ammophila arenaria on the North Coast of California Historia de la introducción y patrones de invasión de Ammophila arenaria en la …

Ammophila arenaria (marram or European beach grass) for dune stabilization in South Africa in the past and present, its present distribution in South Africa, and the perceptions of coastal management agencies and the public about its further use. Beach grass, Marram grass, European beach grass, European beachgrass, European marram grass, Sea reed Its seed-heads are relatively large (7-30 cm long) and its flower spikelets only have a single tiny flower (i.e. floret).

Beach grass, Marram grass, European beach grass, European beachgrass, European marram grass, Sea reed Its seed-heads are relatively large (7-30 cm long) and its flower spikelets only have a single tiny flower (i.e. floret). The present study (1) describes the rates and patterns of Ammophila arenaria (marram grass) invasion in a large transgressive dune system (Mason Bay) and on a prograding foredune-ridge barrier (Doughboy Bay), Stewart Island, New Zealand; (2) examines the impact of Ammophila on dune morphology and indigenous dune biota; and (3) assesses the

Ammophila arenaria (marram or European beach grass) for dune stabilization in South Africa in the past and present, its present distribution in South Africa, and the perceptions of coastal management agencies and the public about its further use. The coastal dune grasslands of northern California offer an excellent system in which to examine apparent competition between invasive and native species. The exotic grass Ammophila arenaria (European beachgrass) was introduced for dune stabilization in the mid-1800s and has spread along much of the coast (Pickart and Barbour 2007). Densities

European dune grass control: 15 years of adaptive management. Hyland, Tim (2012) Invasive plant management in California State Parks. Robison, Ramona (2011) Controlling European beachgrass (Ammophila arenaria) using prescribed burns and herbicide. Hyland, Tim; Holloran, Pete (2005) Invasive annual grasses in a coastal dune ecosystem. 01/06/2012 · Over the last century, this system changed from open, shifting sand dunes with sparse vegetation (including native beach grass, Elymus mollis), to densely vegetated continuous foredune ridges resulting from the introduction and subsequent invasions of two nonnative grass species (Ammophila arenaria and Ammophila breviligulata), each of which is

Invasive plants and their escape from root herbivory: A worldwide comparison of the root-feeding nematode communities of the dune grass Ammophila arenaria in natural and introduced ranges in China (Yang et al. 2015). However a meta-analysis by Bunn et al. (2015) found that, in general, invasive plants do not experience greater benefits from mutualists than native plants. Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link is an important sand dune stabiliser in its native Europe (Huiskes 1979), and

The present study (1) describes the rates and patterns of Ammophila arenaria (marram grass) invasion in a large transgressive dune system (Mason Bay) and on a prograding foredune-ridge barrier (Doughboy Bay), Stewart Island, New Zealand; (2) examines the impact of Ammophila on dune morphology and indigenous dune biota; and (3) assesses the Evidence of population differentiation in the dune grass Ammophila arenaria and its associated root-feeding nematodes Article (PDF Available) in Plant and Soil 324(1):307-316 · November 2009 with

A similar delay now seem to exist for the changes in the coastal areas compared to changes in the inland ecosystems, with the result that the coastal areas seemingly undergo similar changes in directions of higher, more and denser biomass and a parallel introduction of native and expansive grass species with invasive traits in coastal dune European dune grass control: 15 years of adaptive management. Hyland, Tim (2012) Invasive plant management in California State Parks. Robison, Ramona (2011) Controlling European beachgrass (Ammophila arenaria) using prescribed burns and herbicide. Hyland, Tim; Holloran, Pete (2005) Invasive annual grasses in a coastal dune ecosystem.

Ammophila arenaria (marram grass) is highly invasive in temperate, southern hemisphere dune systems. Ammophila arenaria is known to form relatively large, uniform foredunes. 01/06/2012 · Over the last century, this system changed from open, shifting sand dunes with sparse vegetation (including native beach grass, Elymus mollis), to densely vegetated continuous foredune ridges resulting from the introduction and subsequent invasions of two nonnative grass species (Ammophila arenaria and Ammophila breviligulata), each of which is

Grasses as invasive alien plants in South Africa Sue J. Milton Introduction This paper provides a brief overview of current knowledge of thedistribution,invasionprocesses,impactsandcontroloptions for alien grasses in southern African ecosystems. Grasses are an important component of the naturalized alien flora in South Africa, but are often overlooked in reviews of the effects of invasive Abstract. Ammophila arenaria (marram grass) was introduced to South Africa from Europe as a means of stabilizing the Cape Flats in the 1870s, but was only successfully established in the 1890s as it was found that seeds from the first introductions did not readily germinate.

Ammophila arenaria (marram or European beach grass) for dune stabilization in South Africa in the past and present, its present distribution in South Africa, and the perceptions of coastal management agencies and the public about its further use. Ammophila arenaria built foredunes (the dunes closest to the beach) that are typically about 14 feet (4.3 m) high, which is much higher than the dunes associated with the native dune grass species Leymus mollis. In the 1930s, A. breviligulata was introduced to about 3,000 acres (1,200 ha) on the Clatsop Peninsula in Oregon.

Ammophila (synonymous with Psamma P. Beauv.) is a genus of flowering plants consisting of two or three very similar species of grasses. The common names for these grasses include marram grass, bent grass, and beachgrass. These grasses are found almost exclusively on the first line of coastal sand dunes. It is clear, however, that active dunes have been heavily modified since the arrival of Europeans in New Zealand, primarily as a result of the recent, widespread and very rapid stabilization of active dune systems with marram grass (Ammophila arenaria).

Ammophila arenaria Wikipedia

ammophila arenaria an invasive dune grass found in namibia pdf

(PDF) The Impact of Ammophila arenaria Foredune. Grasses as invasive alien plants in South Africa Sue J. Milton Introduction This paper provides a brief overview of current knowledge of thedistribution,invasionprocesses,impactsandcontroloptions for alien grasses in southern African ecosystems. Grasses are an important component of the naturalized alien flora in South Africa, but are often overlooked in reviews of the effects of invasive, Ammophila arenaria grows in substrates with low organic matter and free drainage, growing most vigorously in mobile or semi-stable sand dunes (Huiskes, 1979; in Buell et al., 1995) and thriving in wind-blown, foredune areas above the high tide line (Buell et al., 1995)..

A Native Species with Invasive Behaviour in Coastal Dunes

ammophila arenaria an invasive dune grass found in namibia pdf

(PDF) A native and an invasive dune grass share similar. Rich fungal communities occupy the roots of Ammophila arenaria in its invasive range. • Dominant fungi occupying the roots of Ammophila arenaria are widely dispersed. • Plant species impacts the community composition of root associated fungi in dunes. • The community composition of root fungi in the same dune grass differs among dunes. • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leymus_mollis Lux H, 1964. Biological foundations of planting Ammophila arenaria and sowing Corynephorus canescens in dune stabilization. Angew Pflanzensoziol, 20:5-53. Moore P, Davies A, 2004. Marram grass Ammophila arenaria removal and dune restoration to enhance nesting habitat of Chatham Island oystercatcher Haematopus chathamensis, Chatham Islands, New.

ammophila arenaria an invasive dune grass found in namibia pdf

  • Effects of manual and mechanical removal of Ammophila
  • Ammophila (plant) Wikipedia
  • Introduction History and Invasion Patterns of Ammophila

  • Invasive plants may benefit from reduced pathogen impact when competing with native plants, but suffer if mutualists are unavailable. Root samples of the invasive dune grass Ammophila arenaria and the native dune grass Leymus mollis were collected from a Californian foredune. We utilised the Illumina MiSeq platform to sequence the ITS and LSU This page was last edited on 24 July 2017, at 17:48. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms

    Ammophila arenaria (Marram Grass or European Beach-grass) has been introduced to the active dune systems of southeast Australia (Hesp and Thom, 1990; Cullen, 1998); North America (Wiedemann and Pickart, 1996); South Africa (Hertling and Lubke, 1999a); Chile (Hulten and Fries, 1986; Castro, 1988) and New Zealand (Johnson, 1992; Partridge, 1992). At most sites it has been planted to construct or re … Invasive plants and their escape from root herbivory: a worldwide comparison of the root-feeding nematode communities of the dune grass Ammophila arenaria in natural and introduced ranges W.H. van der Putten1,*, G.W. Yeates2, H. Duyts1, C. Schreck Reis3 & G. Karssen4

    Abstract. Ammophila arenaria (marram grass) was introduced to South Africa from Europe as a means of stabilizing the Cape Flats in the 1870s, but was only successfully established in the 1890s as it was found that seeds from the first introductions did not readily germinate. Evidence of population differentiation in the dune grass Ammophila arenaria and its associated root-feeding nematodes Article (PDF Available) in Plant and Soil 324(1):307-316 · November 2009 with

    L'oyat (Ammophila arenaria) est vraiment la plante ou graminée des dunes et plages de bords de mer du littoral méditerranéen ou Atlantique. Sa particularité est de résister très fortement au sel marin qui ne la brûle pas. De nombreux noms lui sont do Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link. AphiaID. 403902 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:403902) Classification marram grassmarram : Norwegian Bokmål: marehalm : Norwegian Nynorsk: marehalm : Scottish Gaelic : muiríneach : Swedish: sandrör : Welsh: môr-hesgenmoresg : To Barcode of Life (24 barcodes) To Biodiversity Heritage Library (725 publications) To Encyclopedia of Life To European

    01/06/2012 · Over the last century, this system changed from open, shifting sand dunes with sparse vegetation (including native beach grass, Elymus mollis), to densely vegetated continuous foredune ridges resulting from the introduction and subsequent invasions of two nonnative grass species (Ammophila arenaria and Ammophila breviligulata), each of which is Beach grass, Marram grass, European beach grass, European beachgrass, European marram grass, Sea reed Its seed-heads are relatively large (7-30 cm long) and its flower spikelets only have a single tiny flower (i.e. floret).

    Ammophila arenaria is a species o gress kent bi the common name braid bent. It is ane of twa species o the genus Ammophila (marram gress). We recorded the percentage cover of all plant species found within fifteen 1 m 2quadrats within each 25 m plot (Figure 2 and 3). Introduction: European beachgrass (Ammophila arenaria) has invaded coastal sand dunes along the entire north coast of California, displacing native species. This invasive grass alters dune morphology by

    11/04/2016 · Long-term management of these species should recognise the potential for regeneration from rhizome fragments and the likelihood of invasion or reinvasion of dunes. Here, we assess the sprouting ability of Ammophila arenaria (marram grass), an invasive weed of temperate dune systems, which spreads by the marine dispersal of rhizomes. Rhizomes Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link. AphiaID. 403902 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:403902) Classification marram grassmarram : Norwegian Bokmål: marehalm : Norwegian Nynorsk: marehalm : Scottish Gaelic : muiríneach : Swedish: sandrör : Welsh: môr-hesgenmoresg : To Barcode of Life (24 barcodes) To Biodiversity Heritage Library (725 publications) To Encyclopedia of Life To European

    in China (Yang et al. 2015). However a meta-analysis by Bunn et al. (2015) found that, in general, invasive plants do not experience greater benefits from mutualists than native plants. Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link is an important sand dune stabiliser in its native Europe (Huiskes 1979), and 11/04/2016 · Long-term management of these species should recognise the potential for regeneration from rhizome fragments and the likelihood of invasion or reinvasion of dunes. Here, we assess the sprouting ability of Ammophila arenaria (marram grass), an invasive weed of temperate dune systems, which spreads by the marine dispersal of rhizomes. Rhizomes

    Invasive plants and their escape from root herbivory: a worldwide comparison of the root-feeding nematode communities of the dune grass Ammophila arenaria in natural and introduced ranges W.H. van der Putten1,*, G.W. Yeates2, H. Duyts1, C. Schreck Reis3 & G. Karssen4 The coastal dune grasslands of northern California offer an excellent system in which to examine apparent competition between invasive and native species. The exotic grass Ammophila arenaria (European beachgrass) was introduced for dune stabilization in the mid-1800s and has spread along much of the coast (Pickart and Barbour 2007). Densities

    Abstract. Ammophila arenaria (marram grass) was introduced to South Africa from Europe as a means of stabilizing the Cape Flats in the 1870s, but was only successfully established in the 1890s as it was found that seeds from the first introductions did not readily germinate. Ammophila arenaria is a species o gress kent bi the common name braid bent. It is ane of twa species o the genus Ammophila (marram gress).

    Invasive plants and their escape from root herbivory: a worldwide comparison of the root-feeding nematode communities of the dune grass Ammophila arenaria in natural and introduced ranges W.H. van der Putten1,*, G.W. Yeates2, H. Duyts1, C. Schreck Reis3 & G. Karssen4 This study explores the interactions between the pioneer dune grass Ammophila arenaria, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and the root‐feeding nematode Pratylenchus penetrans. • Our objectives were to determine whether AMF can suppress nematode infection and reproduction and to explore the mechanisms of nematode control by AMF.

    MARRAM GRASS (AMMOPHILA ARENARIA) AND COASTAL SAND STABILITY IN NEW ZEALAND R. L. GADGIL New Zealand Forest Research Institute, Private Bag 3020, Rotorua, New Zealand. (Received for publication 23 September 2001; revision 23 August 2002) ABSTRACT The sand-binding plant Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link, commonly known as marram grass, has many characteristics which contribute to its … This study explores the interactions between the pioneer dune grass Ammophila arenaria, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and the root‐feeding nematode Pratylenchus penetrans. • Our objectives were to determine whether AMF can suppress nematode infection and reproduction and to explore the mechanisms of nematode control by AMF.

    Grasses as invasive alien plants in South Africa Sue J. Milton Introduction This paper provides a brief overview of current knowledge of thedistribution,invasionprocesses,impactsandcontroloptions for alien grasses in southern African ecosystems. Grasses are an important component of the naturalized alien flora in South Africa, but are often overlooked in reviews of the effects of invasive Evidence of population differentiation in the dune grass Ammophila arenaria and its associated root-feeding nematodes Article (PDF Available) in Plant and Soil 324(1):307-316 · November 2009 with

    We collected Ammophila arenaria samples from three regions – the United Kingdom (UK, two sites in England, five sites in Wales), Australia (four sites) and New Zealand (four sites) . Root samples of the native dune grass Spinifex sericeus were collected from one of the Australian (Lakes Entrance) and one of the New Zealand (Waikawa Beach) sites. Ammophila arenaria is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can

    Ammophila arenaria is a coarse, perennial grass growing in small tufts connected by deep, tough, extensively creeping rhizomes. Diagnostic Characteristics: Ammophila arenaria and A. breviligulata (American beachgrass) can be distinguished by their ligules, those of A. arenaria being thinner and longer ligules (10-30 mm) versus A. MARRAM GRASS (AMMOPHILA ARENARIA) AND COASTAL SAND STABILITY IN NEW ZEALAND R. L. GADGIL New Zealand Forest Research Institute, Private Bag 3020, Rotorua, New Zealand. (Received for publication 23 September 2001; revision 23 August 2002) ABSTRACT The sand-binding plant Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link, commonly known as marram grass, has many characteristics which contribute to its …

    Ammophila arenaria. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better. Ammophila arenaria is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can

    Ammophila arenaria Ammophila arenaria Dune mobile qui présente un faciès monospécifique à Oyat et dont le taux de recouvrement est en moyenne de 20 à 30 %, de grandes plages de sable nu persistant entre les touffes . Classification Règne Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Classe Liliopsida Ordre Cyperales Famille Poaceae Sous-famille Pooideae A native and an invasive dune grass share similar, patchily distributed, root-associated fungal communities Article (PDF Available) in Fungal Ecology 23:141-155 · October 2016 with 432 Reads